Empowerment the elderly in enhancing psychological well-being: does mental-spiritual guidance enhance the elderly quality of life?
Main Article Content
Introduction: The elderly are those who are sensitive regarding changes in their environment. This is due to changes in physical, social, and psychological conditions. One of the countries having an aging population is Indonesia. As a result, it needs specific attention such as day care, art creation activities and peer groups, music therapy, and religious development/mental-spiritual guidance. Purpose: The research aimed to investigate the impact of elderly empowerment on psychological well-being. Method: The research used a literature review approach, exploring the databases of Google Scholar, PubMed, Portal Garuda, and Science Direct with formulated research questions utilizing the PICO strategy method. The Joanna Briggs Institute's guideline review was used to evaluate articles. Result: Involves identification, screening, and eligibility procedure, a total of 3871 articles were identified through the search, 8 articles fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria and were in line with the research aims. Discussion: Day care, art production activities, peer groups, music therapy, and religious development/mental-spiritual guidance can enhance the psychological well-being of the elderly. The elderly can be more productive and enhance their quality of life by participating in activities. Conclusion: There are elderly empowerment programs that are carried out through peer group activities, day care, art production, music therapy, and religious development/mental-spiritual guidance for the elderly psychological enhancement.
Keywords: Day care, peer group, psychological well-being of the elderly