Suicide Attempt: A Qualitative Study of The Psychological Dynamics of Self-reflection in Adolescents
Suicide attempt: The psychological dynamics of self-reflection
Keywords:Emotion, Psychological dynamics, Self-reflection, Suicide attempt, Suicidal ideation
Self-reflection is an activity that relies on memory, deliberative thinking, and accuracy in order to analyze actions that have been taken while evaluating actual processes, problems, and obstacles. The present study aimed to investigate the psychological dynamics of self-reflection in adolescents who have attempted to commit suicide. This study used a qualitative approach with a case study design. Data were collected using in-depth interviews. This study involved three participants with history of suicidal attempts. To improve data validity, three significant others of the participants were also interviewed. The data analysis revealed some components of self-reflection that encompassed emotional reactions, thought content, and avoidance, as well as various forms of suicide attempts. Additionally, factors related to suicidal behavior, self-reflection elements, self-reflection processes, and the impact of self-reflection were also explored. The findings shed light on the psychological dynamics of the individuals who engaged in suicide attempts such as capability of transcending feelings of disappointment, anger, and pain when confronted with personal issues.
Ahmad, A. D. (2019). Perbedaan Keterampilan Refleksi Diri Adaptif Pada Mahasiswa Tahun Pertama dan Tahun Keempat Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Lampung Tahun 2019. Bandar Lampung: Skripsi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Lampung.
Aronson, L. (2011). Twelve tips for teaching reflection at all levels of medical education. Medical teacher, 33(3), 200-205. https://doi.org/10.3109/0142159X.2010.507714
Bahiyah, S. (2018). Validasi struktur internal alat ukur refleksi diri adaptif melalui CFA. Jurnal Psikologi, 45(2), 107-131. https://doi.org/10.22146/jpsi.34966
Bostwick, J. M., & Rackley, S. J. (2007). Completed suicide in medical/surgical patients: who is at risk?. Current psychiatry reports, 9(3), 242-246. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11920-007-0026-6
CNN Indonesia. (2020, January 17). Jatuh dari Lantai 4, Siswi SMP di Jaktim Diduga Bunuh Diri. CNN Indonesia. Retrieved from: https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20200117202944-20-466438/jatuh-dari-lantai-4-siswi-smp-di-jaktim-diduga-bunuh-diri.
Darmadi, H. (2014). Metode penelitian pendidikan sosial. Bandung: Alfabet.
Fook, J. (2007). Handbook: For practice learning in social work and social care Dalam: J Lishman. Edisi ke-2. London and Philadelphia: Jessica Kingsley Inc. pp. 363-6.
Gámez, W., Chmielewski, M., Kotov, R., Ruggero, C., & Watson, D. (2011). Development of a measure of experiential avoidance: the Multidimensional Experiential Avoidance Questionnaire. Psychological assessment, 23(3), 692.
Garnefski, N., Diekstra, RF., & De Heus, P. (1992). A populationbased survey of the characteristics of high school students with and without a history of suicidal behavior. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 86, 189–196.
Infodatin. (2019). Situasi dan Pencegahan Bunuh Diri. ISSN 2442-7659
Kross, E., & Ayduk, O. (2017). Self-distancing: Theory, research, and current directions. In Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 55, pp. 81-136). Academic Press.
Kross, E., & Grossman, I. (2011). Boosting wisdom: distance from the self enhances wise reasoning, attitudes, and behavior. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 141(1), 43– 48. https://psycnet.apa.org/doi/10.1037/a0024158
Kutcher, S. P, & Chehil, S. (2012). Suicide risk management: A manual for health professionals. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons.
Morin, S. (2016, December 13). Five Tips on Self-Reflection for Personal Growth. HealthyPlace. Retrieved on 2021. July 17, pp. https://www.healthyplace.com/blogs/livingablissfullife/2016/12/self-reflection-a- valuable-tool-for-personal-growth).
Nock, M.K. dan R.C. Kessler. (2006). Prevalence of and Risk Factors for Suicide Attempts Versus Suicide Gestures: Analysis of the National Comorbidity Survey. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 115/3:616-623.
O’Connor, R. C., & Knock, M. K. ( 2014). Suicide 2. The psychology of suicidal behavior. Lancet Psychiatry, 1, 73-85.
Poerwandari, K. (2001). Pendekatan Kualitatif untuk Penelitian Perilaku Manusia . Jakarta: FP-UI.
Powell, J. P., Boud, D., Keogh, R., & Walker, D. (1985). Reflection: Turning Experience into Learning. Autobiographical Learning, 84.
Prasetyo, A. E. (2020, November 28). Tribunnews.com. Retrieved from: https://jambi.tribunnews.com/2020/11/28/selebgram-bunuh-diri-lompat-dari-lantai-4-penginapan-jimbaran-bali-diduga-gegara-masalah-asmara?page=all.
Roberts, R. E., Roberts, C. R., & Chen, R. Y. (1998). Suicidal thinking among adolescents with a history of attempted suicide. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 37(12), 1294–1300. https://doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199812000-00013
Sandars, J. . (2009). The use reflection in medical education :AMEE guide no. 44. Medical Teacher, 31, pp. 685-695. https://doi.org/10.1080/01421590903050374
Saryono. (2010). Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan Penuntun Praktis Bagi Pemula. Yogyakarta: Mitra Cendekia.
Savitri, S. I., Takwin, B., Ariyanto, A. A., & Noviyanti, N . (2019). Refleksi Diri Melewati Peristiwa Retaknya Keluarga dalam Penulisan Naratif: Studi Analisis Isi. Jurnal psikologi sosial, 17 (2), 112-124. https://doi.org/10.7454/jps.2019.15
WHO. (2016). Suicide in the world: Global Health Estimates. Retrieved from: https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/326948/WHO-MSD-MER-19.3-eng.pdf
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Merlyin Laras Pitaloka, Nailatin Fauziyah
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work