During the hospitalization process, the child will show anxiety due to unfamiliar environmental factors, lack of freedom in activities, and lack of emotional support. Continual anxiety will cause a decrease in the immune system so that it accelerates the occurrence of disease complications during treatment and slows down the recovery process. The focus of nursing intervention that is done is to minimize anxiety by providing psychological support to children through the provision of constructive play therapy. The aim if this research is to determine the effect of constructive play therapy towards the anxiety level of preschool children due to hospitalization. The research design used in this study was Pre-experiment with a one-group pre-post test design. Data collection using preschool anxiety scale (PAS) questionnaire. The sample in this study were 30 respondents selected by using accidental sampling technique. Based on the results of the Wilcoxon Test analysis, the mean value of pre-test 36.57 and post-test 28.23 and the value of p = 0.0001 <0.05. Meaning that there is an effect of constructive play therapy on the level of anxiety in preschool children with the treatment of constructive play therapy your child who easily communicate the right feeling of anxiety during in the hospitalization, so that the anxiety experienced can be decreased. Constructive play therapy can reduce response anxiety in preschool children who experience hospitalization. Therefore, it is recommended to the hospital and nurses to be able to apply constructive play therapy. as one of the interventions to minimize the impact of hospitalization.
 Apriliawati, A. The Influence of Bibliotherapy on the Anxiety Level of School-Age Children Undergoing Hospitalization at the Jakarta Islamic Hospital. Thesis. Depok: Faculty of Nursing Science Master of Nursing Program, University of Indonesia. 2011.
 National Health Survey (SUSENAS). The number of preschoolers in Indonesia. 2010.
 RI Ministry of Health. Secretariat General of the Indonesian Health Profile (Health Statistics). Jakarta:
KEMENKES RI. 2015.
 Nurhayati. An Overview of Anxiety in Preschoolers Conducted Therapy for Storytelling in the Nusa
Indah Room Bhakti Wira Tamtama Hospital Semarang. Thesis. Faculty of Nursing Masters. Muhammadiyah University Semarang. 2013.
 Tesaningrum, Z. Effect of Lego play therapy on anxiety levels of preschoolers who have undergone
hospitalisas in the Melati Room of RA Kartini General Hospital. Essay. Muhammadiyah University Semarang. Vol. 1. 2013.
 Hockenberry, M.J., & Wilson, D. Wong's essentials of pediatric nursing (9th ED). St. Louis: Mosby.
 Wong, D. et al. Pediatric Nursing Textbook Wong. Edition 6. Vol 2. Jakarta: EGC. 2009.
 Gunawan, et al. Stress and Immune System of the Body: A Psychoneuroimmunology Approach,
Journal of Professional Education of the UGM Faculty of Medicine Yogyakarta. 2007.
 Kaluas, I, et al. Differences in Puzzle and Storytelling Play Therapy Against Anxiety in Preschool
Children (3-5 Years) During Hospitalization of Children in TK.III Hospital. Minisidi in Manado. nursing ejournal. vol. 3.
 Supartini, Y. The basic concept of child nursing. Jakarta: Publisher of EGC medical books. 2014.
 Mayke S. T. Play, Toys and Games for Early Childhood Education. Jakarta: Gramedia.
 Ilmiasih, R. Influence of Nurse Uniforms: Picture Vests Against Anxiety in Pre-School Children
Due to Hospitality. Thesis. University of Indonesia. 2012.
 Karlings, M. Child behavior and pain after hospitalization, surgery andanaesthesia.UMEA. University
medical dissertation. Sweden. 2009.
 Supartini, Y. Text book for Basic Concepts of Child Nursing. Jakarta: EGC. 2008.
 Elfira, E. The effect of play therapy with techniques tells the story of anxiety due to hospitalization in
pre-school children in the child care room at H. Adam Malik General Hospital in Medan. Thesis, University of North Sumatra. http://repository.usu.ac.id/ handle / 123456789/24484. 2011.
 James, S.R. & Ashwill, J.W. Nursing care of children: Principles & practice. (3th ed). St Louis: Saunders Elsevier Inc. 2007.
 Roohafza, H., Pirnia, A., Sadeghi, M., Toghianifar,N., Talaei, M & Ashrafi, M. Impact of nurses clothing on anxiety of hospitalised children. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 18, 1953â€“1959. 2009.
 Spence, S.H. Dkk. The structure of anxiety symptoms among preschoolers. Behaviour research and therapy. 2001.
 Stubbe, D. A. A Focus on Reducing Anxiety in Children Hospitalized for Cancer and Diverse Pediatric Medical Disease Through a Self-engaging Art Therapy. 2008.
 Hurlock. E. B. Child Development. Jakarta: Erlangga. 2011.
 Nursalam. Research Methodology Nursing Science: A Practical Approach: Jakarta: SalembaMedika.
 Cooke and Rudolph. Rudolph's pediatric first edition. The Mc. Graw, Hill Compnies. 2009.
 Nursalam, et al. Infant and child nursing care (for nurses and midwives). Issue 1. Jakarta: Salemba
 Fradiyanto, I. Effect of wax play therapy on decreasing anxiety levels in preschoolers who have
undergone hospitalization in RSUD dr. Soedarso Pontianak. Essay. Muhammadiyah University. Surakarta. Vol. 1. 2014.
 Haruyama S. The Miracle of Endorphin. Bandung: PT. Mizan Library. 2011.
 Suryabrata, S. Personality Psychology. Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada. 2012.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.