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The Hajj is an annual Islamic pilgrimage to Mecca, Islam's holiest city, which Muslims must attend at least once in their lives. This requirement is fulfilled by adult Muslims who are physically and financially moveable and can support their families while they are overseas. Hajj is one of Islam's five pillars, along with the Syahadat, Salat, Zakat, and Sawm. The Hajj pilgrimage is the world's biggest annual gathering of people. About the previous few years, over 3 million pilgrims from over 180 nations have journeyed to Makkah, Saudi Arabia, to attend the Hajj. According to statistics from the Ministry of Hajj and Umrah in Saudi Arabia, there were more than 7 million pilgrims in 2019. Over the previous 10 years, the number of pilgrims completing the Hajj has increased drastically, reaching more than 1.7 million.